Illiteracy in Low Socio-Economic Areas: Essay

Illiteracy in Low Socio-Economic Areas: Essay

Sample Essay

Words 2,592


Economic growth in the nineteenth century U.S. was not without its costs. The deleterious impact of economic growth on nineteenth-century U.S. living standards can be seen in what has come to be known as “the antebellum paradox”: though economic growth was strong and per capita incomes were rising before the Civil War, two indicators of living standards—average height and life expectation at age 10 (e10 )—were declining (Fogel, 1986). Several studies have examined the factors that influenced physical stature at the individual level in cross-section, in order to understand how changes over time in urbanization, industrialization, and nutrition could explain the change in stature. But falling life expectation has received considerably less attention at the micro level. (more…)

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