Existentialism and Behaviorism: Essay

Sample Essay

Words 2,041

Introduction

Existentialism and Behaviorism are two of the most popular theories of the twentieth century developing in the aftermath of the First World War. Both the philosophies have strong proponents and people who oppose the theories. On one hand, Existentialism preserves existence precedes essence: This entails that the human being has no spirit, no essential self, and is no more than what he is. He is only the sum of life is so far he has shaped and achieved for himself. Existentialism got its name from insisting that existence top spirit. Existentialism has called concentration to the value of the individual and has sought a solution to the unavoidable problems of the person confronted by an abstraction that invalidate instead of answer Behaviorism was a movement in psychology and philosophy that stress the outward behavioral aspects of thought and dismissed the inward experiential and sometimes the inner procedural aspects as well; an association harking back to the methodological proposals of John B. Watson, who coined the name.  Watson’s 1912 manifesto proposed discard Introspectionist attempts to make consciousness a subject of an experimental investigation to focus in its place on behavioral manifestations of intelligence.

Existentialism

Existentialism, which spread swiftly over continental Europe after the First World War, is movements of thought obtain from the immediacy of the problems of life. It is fundamentally the analysis of the condition of man, of the conscientious state of being free, and of man’s having continually to use his freedom in order to answer the ever-changing and unexpected challenges of the day. According to the Existentialists, the starting point for every……

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