For The Effects of Boys & Girls Clubs researchers compared 15 sites divided into: five sites without B&GCA (“no-club sites”); five sites with B&GCA that did not offer drug prevention programs (“old club sites”); and five sites of newly-established B&GCA that offered a drug prevention program called SMART Moves (“new club sites”). Findings indicated the following trends for the three sites between pre-test and the two-year follow-up:
In new club sites, the mean scores in the drug activity scale fell from 6.75 to 6, while scores in old club sites increased from 6.25 to 6.8 and in no-club sites increased from 6.6 to 8 mean scores in the use of crack cocaine scale fell in new club sites from 5.75 to 5.3, and increased in old club sites, from 4.5 to 5.5, and no-club sites from 5.75 to 7 new club sites showed a significant increase of parental involvement in their children’s lives (mean scores of 1.55 and 2.67), old club sites also showed a steady increase (from 3.0 to 3.6), while no-club sites steadily showed low parental involvement (mean scores of 1.5 and 1.6) new club sites had a high percentage of damaged units in the housing project at the beginning of the project (close to 8.0 percent), with a two percentage point decrease at follow-up; old club sites maintained a low percentage of damaged units (4.0 percent) throughout the period of the study; no-club sites had steadily high percentage of damaged units (8.0 percent and above) in the two cities that provided data on criminal activities (Jacksonville, FL, and Houston, TX), projects with new or old clubs showed 13 percent fewer police reports than projects without clubs researchers estimated 10 fewer arrests of uveniles per site, each year, due to B&GCA influence for the Enhancing the Educational Achievement researchers targeted three subgroups of youth: (1) youth attending the B&GCA enhancement program (“program”); (2) youth from housing projects whose B&GCA did not offer the program (“comparison”); and (3) youth from housing projects that did not have B&GCA.
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