Brazilian and Britain political strategies are just alike in terms of the legislative power belongs to Congress (Chamber of Deputies and Senate) the executive power is held by the president with the help of ministers. In Brazil, the president is ahead of the Republic and at the same time a chief of Government. The judicature belongs to independent courts. The system of federal and state courts is a bit complicated. The Federal Supreme Court examines the consistency of acts with the constitution. The constitution also creates institutions of the Public prosecutor, Solicitor-General for Union and official solicitor. The Central bank is a bank of issue.
States have their own constitutions and a wide range of self-government. They elect their own legislative organs (unicameral state assemblies). At the head of executive power, there is a governor.
The third period of Brazilian history began in 1808 with the arrival of the Portuguese Court in Brazil and it ended in 1889 when the empire was dissolved and a federal republic was established. Napoleon invaded Spain and after being successful in subduing the Spanish. In 1806 he proclaimed the “Continental System” which imposed an economic blockade on Britain. Portugal faced a dilemma as it looked to Britain for the preservation of its independence and its trade also relied on good relations with Britain.
There were two political factions in Brazil in the post-independence era, the Conservatives, and the Liberals. The Conservatives supported a strong monarchy which according to them would ensure stability. They maintained that the absence of a monarchy had caused anarchism in Spanish America in its struggle for independence. José Bonifacio, a powerful figure in politics led this faction. The liberals were led by Gonçalves Ledo and they advocated a republic instead of a monarchy. Pedro used his troops to suppress those who wanted to make laws to curtail his powers as an emperor. The new constitution which was announced in 1824 supported a conservative absolutist monarchy. The state religion was Roman Catholicism, but tolerance was shown to other sects. The powers of the emperor were categorized as the fourth branch of the government or the “moderating power.”
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