Essay: Afghanistan’s social and cultural elites
Some critics contended that Afghanistan was abandoned by those most responsible for its turmoil namely the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Ayub and Kuovo (2008) stated that the war and its aftermath “have most sharply defined Afghanistan as it is today” (p. 643) and charged that the “international community failed Afghanistan in not staying involved” (p. 646). They argued that if the international community considered the fraught situation that the nation was left in following the withdrawal of the Soviet Union and the subsequent “dismissal of Afghanistan from [the] agendas” of those nations that supported the various Mujahedeen factions, efforts might have been taken to strengthen the postwar government so that it could exert control over the increasingly unruly and destructive warlords who emerged out of the Mujahedeen (Ayub & Kuovo, 2008; Weinstein & Vaishnav, 2006).
In the wake of many of Afghanistan’s political, intellectual, social and cultural elites either fleeing the country or killed during the warfare, the power vacuum upon the Soviet’s withdrawal and the disinterest of the international community was seized upon by the Mujahedeen. Without the common enemy of the PDPA and the Soviets to unite them, the differences that characterized the loosely-knit and disparate interests of the Mujahedeen, erupted. Armed with state-of-the art weaponry provided by their former “U.S., Pakistani and Saudi patrons” (Ayub & Kuovo, 2008, p. 643), they “turned their arms upon each other in a second wave of murder and pillage that produced tens of thousands more dead and fractured the country along geographical and ethnic lines” (p. 643). The resulting factions and battles rendered Afghanistan a country essentially ruled by warlords who brought further destruction to an already traumatized populace.
Thank you for visiting Essaydemon.com and viewing our articles and sample papers. Kindly be informed that all these articles and sample papers are for marketing purposes only. The sole purpose of these articles and sample papers is just to provide our customers with an idea about our services before they place an order.
Kindly visit our order/inquiry page for further assistance.
Kindly order custom made Essays, Term Papers, Research Papers, Thesis, Dissertation, Assignment, Book Reports, Reviews, Presentations, Projects, Case Studies, Coursework, Homework, Creative Writing, Critical Thinking, on the topic by clicking on the order page.
Countless students worldwide are satisfied with our professional services.
- 100% original, custom Writing or 100% Money Back guarantee!
- 100% Confidentiality: Your information is secure at all time.
- We guarantee that you will never regret for choosing us.
- 100% guaranteed plagiarism free writing.
- Urgent delivery: Meet your deadline and deliver your custom essay.
- No hidden charges: the price you see is the final cost for all custom papers.
- Excellent 24 hours 7 Days a week free friendly customer support system
FREE Outline, FREE Title page, FREE Bibliography, FREE E-mail delivery, FREE Formatting